March is Women's History Month
Posted by Mary Catherine Dunphy (+2118) 8 days ago
What does "run like a girl" actually mean?

Posted by Mary Catherine Dunphy (+2118) 8 days ago
Do we limit girls and tell them what they should or shouldn’t be?

Posted by Mary Catherine Dunphy (+2118) 8 days ago
Women's Rights Are Human Rights!

Posted by The man from snowy plains (-174) 4 days ago

You can't make this stuff up. Of all the fine women in my family going back for generations, even back to the women recieving the right to vote. (That was in Wyoming

Good ol Hillary now says Husbands made their wives vote for Trump.
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Posted by Mary Catherine Dunphy (+2118) 4 days ago
Snowy, please stay on topic! This thread is not about Hillary Clinton -- it's called, "March is Women's History Month." Start a Hillary Clinton thread if you want to.

In the meantime for those interested in women's history, here is a link to an interesting interview with the author of a new book, "The Women's Hour: The Great Fight to Win the Vote" by Elaine Weiss which looks at what happened in Tennessee in 1920. Tennessee was the last state needed to ratify the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which gave women the right to vote.

"ELAINE WEISS: Well, in the summer of 1920, the 19th Amendment, which guarantees the right to vote for all women in every state in every election, is on the cusp of ratification. Thirty-five states have ratified it, and they need just one more to ratify. It will become the law of the land. But it lands in the lap of Tennessee because all the other Southern states have rejected it at this point. There are a few Northern states that are refusing to consider it. And so Tennessee becomes the last hope for the suffragists, and they've been battling for this for 70 years."

. . . .

"ELAINE WEISS: I think the persistence of the suffragists. They had to change hearts and minds, and they had slowly, slowly done that. We sort of think that women got the vote by magic. And I have to say, I was one of those people. I have some vague notion there - Seneca Falls. And there's the women wearing hoop skirts. And then there's some picket signs. And then it happens. What they confront in Nashville is the last stand. Everyone knows this is the last stand.

And so all the forces and all the arguments that have been used for 70 years - there are business interests who don't want women to vote because they're afraid women might want to abolish child labor. And the mills depend on that cheap labor. So they don't want women in the polling booth at all. And then the liquor industry is afraid that women might want to enforce the new prohibition laws.

So there's the corporate interests that are opposing them in Nashville. There is the political interest. This is going to be a big unpredictable bloc of voters. Nobody knows how they're going to vote, and the political parties are very nervous about it. They'd rather keep it the way it is.

There is also a racist component to keeping women from voting, Elaine Weiss explains:

"ELAINE WEISS: Absolutely. And that was one of the most surprising and perhaps heartbreaking parts of my research that I found. Racism is a prime element in this fight. First of all, the suffrage movement actually is born out of abolitionism. It comes of age at the same time almost as a sibling cause in the middle of the 19th century. The second part is the modern part, which is in 1920. It's blatantly announced that opposition to women voting is partly because if all women can vote, that means black women can vote. And the South has already figured out how to disenfranchise black men, and they don't want to have to deal with women, too."

It's an interesting interview about a little known part of U.S. history -- I mean this certainly wasn't in my history books back in high school.

Here's the link:
Posted by Mary Catherine Dunphy (+2118) 4 days ago
Just noticed this correction published by NPR about the Elaine Weiss interview shown above:

March 15, 2018
During this interview, our guest misspoke and said that all Southern states had rejected the 19th Amendment by the summer of 1920. In fact, some Southern states, including Arkansas, Kentucky, Texas and West Virginia, had ratified the 19th Amendment at that point.

Duly noted!
Posted by The man from snowy plains (-174) 4 days ago
MCD it is on topic. South Pass City in Wyoming was the first place for women to vote. Now it just might surprise you. As a young boy my Grandmother was sure to teach us these things. I have a picture of Grandma, Mom, Wife, and daughter in front of that sign.
And oh yes AGENDA MCD it does matter that HILLARY says "Husbands make their wives vote aginst her." LIKE IT OR NOT SHE IS A SICKING INDIVIDUAL
Posted by Gunnar Emilsson (+10950) 4 days ago
So, you are of Wyoming ancestry. Why am I not surprised? Your posts suggest an ancestor may have mated with a jackalope.
Posted by Mary Catherine Dunphy (+2118) 3 days ago
Okay, let's get back on topic to "March is Women's History Month!"

How many of you learned in your U.S. History classes who was the first woman to graduate from an American medical school and who is considered the first American woman doctor?

Thought so!

Well, she was named Elizabeth Blackwell and back in 1845, when she was 24 years old, she wanted to go to medical school. However, at that time "it was commonly assumed women were morally unfit to practice medicine, that they were ignorant, inexact, untrustworthy, un-businesslike, lacking in sense and mental perception, and contemptuous of logic."

So, it took Elizabeth Blackwell awhile to find a medical school who would admit her, after she had been rejected by all 29 medical schools in New York and Philadelphia. Miss Blackwell finally found a medical school in western New York that would admit her -- Geneva Medical College.

And, in January, 1849, at the age of 28, Elizabeth Blackwell received her medical degree, at the top of her class, and became Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell.

And, then guess what happened?

Although Dr. Blackwell had graduated at the top of her medical school class, Dr. Blackwell was banned from practicing medicine by the medical community.

Read what happened next at:

Posted by Mary Catherine Dunphy (+2118) yesterday
Today's Women's History Month offering is the story of Heddy Lamarr.

Heddy Lamarr was a famous and beautiful Hollywood actress, who starred in movies from 1930 to 1989. You may know about Heddy Lamarr as a beautiful actress, but I bet you did not learn in your high school history classes that Heddy Lamarr co-invented (with composer, George Antheil) and patented a secure communications technology. According to Wikipedia, "the principles of their work are arguably incorporated into Bluetooth technology, and are similar to methods used in legacy versions of CDMA and Wi-Fi. This work led to their induction into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2014."

Although Heddy Lamarr's patent was awarded in 1942, it took the military until the 1960s, to implement an updated version of her technology:

"During World War II, Lamarr learned that radio-controlled torpedoes, which were important in the naval war, could easily be jammed, thereby causing the torpedo to go off course. With the knowledge she had gained about torpedoes from her first husband, she thought of creating a frequency-hopping signal that could not be tracked or jammed. She contacted her friend, composer and pianist George Antheil, to help her develop a device for doing that, and he succeeded by synchronizing a miniaturized player-piano mechanism with radio signals. They drafted designs for the frequency-hopping system, which they patented, Antheil recalled:

'We began talking about the war, which, in the late summer of 1940, was looking most extremely black. Hedy said that she did not feel very comfortable, sitting there in Hollywood and making lots of money when things were in such a state. She said that she knew a good deal about munitions and various secret weapons ... and that she was thinking seriously of quitting MGM and going to Washington, DC, to offer her services to the newly established Inventors’ Council.'

Their invention was granted a patent on August 11, 1942 (filed using her married name Hedy Kiesler Markey). However, it was technologically difficult to implement, and at that time the U.S. Navy was not receptive to considering inventions coming from outside the military.

In 1962 (at the time of the Cuban missile crisis), an updated version of their design at last appeared on Navy ships. Lamarr and Antheil's work with spread spectrum technology contributed to the development of GPS, Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi."

Read more at: